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The Tabernacle

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering. And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it. - Ex. 25: 1, 2, 8, 9

“There is no portion of Scripture richer in meaning, more perfect in its teaching of the plan of redemption, than this divinely designed building.  God Himself was the architect, and every detail points to some aspect of the character and work of the person of His Son, Jesus Christ, and, in its complete form, it is probably the most comprehensive, detailed revelation of Jesus the Son of God, and the plan of salvation in the entire Old Testament.’’ – M. R. DeHaan, M.D., The Tabernacle.

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All of the Bible is about Christ. He is revealed in the New Testament. He is "concealed" in the Old Testament in types, shadows, prophecies and promises.

One of the most beautiful and instructive examples of Christ in the Old Testament is found in the Tabernacle of Moses. When God gave Moses the Ten Commandments and the rest of the moral law on Mt. Sinai, shortly thereafter He gave him the instructions for building the Tabernacle, the priesthood, and the ceremonial rites to be conducted therein.  The moral law contained the commandments of God for Holy living of His people. The ceremonial law was the provision that God made to atone for the breaking of the moral law. The two parts of the law cannot be separated. The moral law and the ceremonial law are two parts of the one whole Mosaic law.  The ceremonial rites are types of the work of Jesus Christ on the Cross to make provision for the breaking of God's moral law.  But all the rites, the priesthood, and even the construction of the Tabernacle itself speaks of Jesus Christ -- His body, and His finished work on the Cross.  The Tabernacle teaches us much about God's righteousness and what it means to be in Christ.

The instructions that God gave to Moses for constructing the Tabernacle begin in Exodus 25, and the actual construction is related beginning in Exodus 35. Many chapters of Scripture pertain to the Tabernacle, its rites, its parts, its priesthood; and the writer of Hebrews explains many of its types to us.

Israel wandered in the desert for forty years; therefore the Tabernacle and all its parts had to be portable.  The Levitical priests -- sons of Aaron -  were consecrated and given the various roles of ministering in the Tabernacle and transporting it from place to place.  The High Priest was its overseer, and only he could minister on the Day of Atonement in the Holy of Holies, in the very Presence of God.  Later, after Israel moved into the Promised Land, and were no longer a nomadic people, a permanent temple was constructed; the first being the Temple of Solomon. The inner core of the Tabernacle, with its holy place and holy of holies,  became the inner core of the Temple -- and the center of worship.

The following is a diagram of the Tabernacle. It is not precisely to scale; the Holy of Holies, for example, is a perfect square. This diagram is given only so that you may see the layout and placement of the furnishings.

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Links

Click here for links to various Tabernacle sites we have visited and been taught by.

Thanks to CC-Art for the right to use their pictures of the Tabernacle. Other graphics have come over time and I do not know the sources.  If I am violating anyone's copyright, please advise and either give permission to use the graphics in exchange for a link to your site, or the pictures will be immediately removed. Thank you and God bless you.